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Pleural Mesothelioma

Pleural Mesothelioma

There are many different types of mesothelioma. The disease that attacks the lining of the lungs is recognized as pleural mesothelioma. Statistics show that 75% of mesothelioma cases are pleural type cancers. The cause of this type of cancer is asbestos material becoming dormant within a person’s lungs. The inflammation of the lungs due to the amount of asbestos collected in the lining cause a dangerous disease.

It is most noted by doctors that the inflammation is caused by tumor growth. This is a symptom that develops in the later stages of the disease. However, it is important to note that these tumors are able to spread to different parts of the body, affecting different organs. The most dangerous aspect of the movement of this disease is the effect that it has on the blood system and the lymph nodes. Researchers have also noted that there are other types of tumors that are grown in the pleura, and are not considered to be pleural mesothelioma.

Symptoms of Pleural Mesothelioma

This type of cancer primary affects the chest and lungs of the individual diagnosed. Chest pain is the most prominent symptom that patients have experienced with this disease. This type of pain, however, is ironically not found within the chest cavity. The most abundant pain that patients experienced has been in the shoulder or upper abdomen. Other symptoms that are often associated with this type of cancer include shortness of breath, cough, and weight loss (only in some patients). The tumors that grow within the cavity of the chest often contain fluid that expands. The pain associated with this is often tremendous, and as soon as a patient feels this type of symptom become prevalent, they should seek immediate medical attention.

Pleural Mesothelioma Prognosis and Treatment

When making a prognosis, the stage that the cancer is often the most important aspect. It is difficult, however, to establish a set “stage” for mesothelioma cancer because of the lack of symptoms, and its long-term development as a deadly illness.

The best prognosis of treating and possibly eliminating the cancerous tumors is when there is a limited loss of lung function, minor weight loss, and the age at which the patient is diagnosed. There are different types of cells that the cancer can hold, and the survival rate differs depending on the type.

There are two main cell types that hold the best prognosis. The majority of malignant pleural mesothelioma is the epithelioid cell. Those who have these types of cells have a higher chance of survival rate because these cells are in the majority of malignant pleural mesothelioma. The older the patient, and the more advanced the disease is, the harder the prognosis and treatment are. Even though there are many experimental treatments underway but this step is usually taken as the last resort.